15/01/2019: Discourses, actors and citizens in the communicative construction of conflicts: the Catalan case
+ info: Catalan Journal
All political conflicts are constructed through communication (Castelló, 2012). Therefore, the field in which this communication takes place becomes a central issue in media studies, and indeed can be considered the conflict itself. From this perspective, there are related topics that catch the attention of scholars: political mediatization (Mazzoleni and Schulz, 1999), relationship between media and politicians (Jamieson and Capella, 1997; 2007; Norris, 2000), critical approaches to political and media discourses (Van Dijk. 2005; Fairclough, 2001; Wodak, 2009; Charteris-Black, 2011), media systems and its political consequences (Hallin and Mancini, 2004; 2016), agenda and frame effects (Slotus and De Vreese, 2010; Esser and Strömback, 2014), social media and political activism (Cammaerts, 2008; Loader and Mercea, 2011; Gerbaudo, 2016), populist trends in political communication (Mény and Surel, 2002; Reinemann et al. 2017), etc.
The recent Catalan political conflict provides an opportunity to study how a particular case reflects the dynamics established between political actors, media and citizens in the public sphere (Castelló and Capdevila, 2015; Ordeix and Ginesta 2014; Perales and Pont, 2017; Pont et al., 2017; Xicoy et al., 2017; Micó and Carbonell, 2017; Moragas-Fernández et al., 2018; Dekavalla and Montagut, 2018; Valera, 2018). In this context, the three-year period that goes from 9 November 2014 to 1 October 2017 has witnessed a dialectical escalation between those political actors supporting independence and those who do not, entailing in a scenario of polarization and a deep crisis of political legitimation (Gagnon and Sanjaume-Calvet, 2017; Cetrà, 2018).